Common dental problems to be aware of

Cavities

Cavities may start on the surface of a tooth and then spread to the softer inner layer. Help protect yourself from cavities by cutting back on sugar and sweets, or by eating sugar-free foods. And be sure to brush every day with fluoride toothpaste.

Demineralization

It’s a big word, but it just means the loss of minerals from the tooth enamel, caused by acid. This loss causes chalky white spots on your teeth, and can lead to cavities. Watch out for demineralization and be sure to cut back on soda and sweets.

Gingivitis

This occurs when the tissues around the teeth become inflamed, and it’s the first sign of gum disease. You may have bleeding, redness, or swelling. Don’t ignore this one-it can get worse and may lead to serious problems. Be sure to floss at least once a day. 

Sensitivity

If you have pain when you have hot, cold, or sweet drinks or food, let your dental professional know. 

Plaque

This is a sticky layer of bacteria that forms on tooth surfaces and can be hard to see. Plaque needs to be removed all the time-above and below the gumline. The key to removing plaque is regular brushing and flossing. 

Tartar

When plaque is not removed from the tooth surface, it can harden and become tartar. Only your dentist or hygienist can get rid of it.

Stains

There are many kinds of stains found on teeth. Some are inside the tooth surface and others are on the tooth surface.

Bad breath

This is often caused by bacteria on the tongue or between the teeth. Be sure to floss regularly and brush your tongue after you brush your teeth.

Published by kellyngocpham

Hygiene Coach at Gentle Dental

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